Panax notoginseng is a perennial upright herb of the genus Panax. P. notoginseng is used as a medicine for its roots. It is warm and spicy, and has significant effects of promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, reducing swelling and pain. P. notoginseng is mainly restricted to mountain areas with altitudes of 1200–2000 m around 23.5°N and 104°E in Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan Province, in China.

Scientific classitication

Family: Araliaceae

Genus: Panax

Common Name

San Qi


Fan, G., Fu, Y., Yang, B., Liu, M., Zhang, H., Liang, X., ... & Shao, L. (2018). Sequencing of Panax notoginseng genome reveals genes involved in disease resistance and ginsenoside biosynthesis. bioRxiv, 362046.


Fan, G., Liu, X., Sun, S., Shi, C., Du, X., Han, K., Yang, B., Fu, Y., Liu, M., Seim, I., Zhang, H., Xu, Q., Wang, J., Su, X., Shao, L., Zhu, Y., Shao, Y., Zhao, Y., Wong, A. K., Zhuang, D., … Lee, S. M. (2020). The Chromosome Level Genome and Genome-wide Association Study for the Agronomic Traits of Panax Notoginseng. iScience, 23(9), 101538.


Jiang, Z., Tu, L., Yang, W., Zhang, Y., Hu, T., Ma, B., . . . Gao, W. (2020). The Chromosome-Level Reference Genome Assembly for Panax notoginseng and Insights into Ginsenoside Biosynthesis. Plant Communications, 100113.


Yang, Z., Liu, G., Zhang, G., Yan, J., Dong, Y., Lu, Y., Fan, W., Hao, B., Lin, Y., Li, Y., Li, X., Tang, Q., Xiang, G., He, S., Chen, J., Chen, W., Xu, Z., Mao, Z., Duan, S., Jin, S.and Yang, S. (2021) The chromosome‐scale high quality genome assembly of Panax notoginseng provides insight into dencichine biosynthesis. Plant Biotechnol J,